new zealand neighbouring countries

We accept no liability for the content of external linked websites. The foreign relations of New Zealand are oriented chiefly toward developed democratic nations and emerging Pacific Island economies. The three largest islands stretch 1,500 kilometres (930 miles) across latitudes 34° to 47° south. The wettest area by far is the rugged Fiordland region, in the south-west of the South Island, which has between 5,000 and 8,000 mm (200 and 310 in) of rain PA, with up to 15,000 mm in isolated valleys, amongst the highest recorded rainfalls in the world. Some of these, such as the main islands (North and South), Stewart Island, New Caledonia, and the Chatham Islands, are settled. New Zealand is a predominantly urban country, with 84.1 percent of the population living in an urban area. [49] Many lakes have been used as reservoirs for hydroelectric projects. Mountain streams which feed the major rivers rise rapidly and frequently break their banks covering farms with water and silt. [32] The closest mountains surpassing it in elevation are found not in Australia, but in New Guinea and Antarctica. However, farmers unanimously seem to be very grateful for the release of the virus. [77] After twenty years, however, the rabbits became immune to it. In the 2010s, warm winters did not provide the adequate cool temperatures needed for the flowering of kiwifruit, and this resulted in a reduction of the yield sizes. The last Article IV Executive Board Consultation was on June 25, 2018. New Zealand claims the 9th largest exclusive economic zone in the world, covering 4,083,744 km2 (1,576,742 sq mi), more than 15 times its land area. These islands are located to the southeast of Australia. This website collects and stores your anonymized IP address (see. Parts of the Northland Peninsula oppose Morocco, with Whangārei nearly coincident with Tangiers. However, the extreme points of New Zealand are actually located in several outlying islands. Other island groups to the north are New Caledonia, Tonga and Fiji. Much of the surviving forest is located in this belt, and in other mountain areas and rolling hills. These immigrant groups change location with time and accents fade over generations. It has no land boundaries with any other countries. Since the 2010, several large (M7, M6.3, M6.4, M6.2) and shallow (all <7 km) earthquakes have occurred immediately beneath Christchurch. Most other countries do not recognise territorial claims in Antarctica. As of 2007, almost 55 percent of New Zealand's total land area was being used for farming, which is standard compared to most developed countries. Other smaller islands are eco-sanctuaries with carefully controlled access. The two main islands by size are the North Island (or Te Ika-a-Māui) and the South Island (or Te Waipounamu), separated by the Cook Strait. New Zealand has no land borders. New Zealand representations in neighbouring countries New Zealand is party to several multilateral environmental agreements. [56], New Zealand proper is subdivided into sixteen regions: seven in the South Island and nine in the North. [38], The lower mountain slopes are covered in native forest. [31], The South Island is much more mountainous than the North, but shows fewer manifestations of recent volcanic activity. [24] The associated geothermal energy from this volcanic area is used in numerous hydrothermal power plants. In no event shall we be liable for any loss or damage, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damage whatsoever arising from loss of data or profits arising out of, or in connection with, the use of this website. [7], The South Island is the largest land mass of New Zealand, and is the 12th-largest island in the world. A new strain of the virus was released in March 2018, a Korean form of the strain called the K5 virus, or RHDV1-K5. The land size of 267,710 km (103,360 sq mi) makes it the sixth-largest island country. [17], The points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in New Zealand are as follows:[17], New Zealand is largely antipodal to the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. [95] Conservationists recognised that threatened bird populations could be saved on offshore islands, where, once predators were exterminated, bird life flourished again. [79] Growers of kiwifruit, a major export in the horticulture industry of New Zealand, have experienced difficulties as a result of climate change. It is a long and narrow country, extending 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) along its north-north-east axis with a maximum width of 400 kilometres (250 mi). [55] These minority foreign languages are concentrated in the main cities, particularly Auckland where recent immigration groups have settled.[72]. The virus has become a subject of debate among animal rights activists, due to the inhumane manner in which it kills the rabbits. New Zealand is part of Zealandia, a microcontinent nearly half the size of Australia that gradually submerged after breaking away from the Gondwanan supercontinent. Ruapehu's major eruptions have historically been about 50 years apart,[36] in 1895, 1945 and 1995–1996. All three of which remain Covid-19-free. Pollution, particularly water pollution, is one of New Zealand's most significant environmental issues. The sunniest areas are Nelson/Marlborough and the Bay of Plenty with 2,400 hours per year.[53]. New Zealand does not have a large temperature range, apart from central Otago, but the weather can change rapidly and unexpectedly. [98], Massive deforestation occurred after humans arrived,[99] with around half the forest cover lost to fire after Polynesian settlement. Fortunately casualties were low due to the sparse settlement of the region. Although New Zealand feels like it is far away from everything, there are some amazing countries and tropical islands nearby to really extend your backpacking around Oceania. Some areas of land, the sea, rivers or lakes are protected by law, so their special plants, animals, landforms and other features are safe from harm. Over three-quarters of New Zealand's population live in the North Island, with one-third of the total population living in the Auckland Region. [82] Close monitoring, weather forecasting, stopbanks, dams, and reafforestation programmes in hill country have ameliorated the worst effects. [55] However, the Ross Dependency, its claim in Antarctica, notionally borders the Australian Antarctic Territory to the west and unclaimed territory to the east. Near subtropical conditions are experienced in Northland. [30] This region is dominated by the rugged and relatively untouched Fiordland, an area of flooded glacially carved valleys with little human settlement. The South Island is dominated by the Southern Alps / Kā Tiritiri o te Moana while a volcanic plateau covers much of the central North Island. The Lowy Institute gave New Zealand top marks in the poll with Vietnam ranking second followed by Taiwan, Thailand and Cyprus rounding out the top five countries. [1] New Zealand is the sixth-largest island country in the world, with a land size of 267,710 km2 (103,360 sq mi).[2]. New Zealand shares maritime borders with Australia, Tonga, Fiji and the other island nations in Oceania. [89], New Zealand's geographic isolation for 80 million years[90] and island biogeography has influenced evolution of the country's species of animals, fungi and plants. [44] If as a cave grows it breaks through to the surface somewhere else it becomes a natural arch, like those near Karamea (Oparara Arches). The transition between these two different styles of continental collision occurs through the top of the South Island. The Deep Knowledge Group released their latest rankings of over 250 countries this week. The country is situated about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 miles) south-east of the Australian mainland across the Tasman Sea,[3] the closest foreign neighbour to its main islands being Norfolk Island (Australia) about 750 kilometres (470 miles) to the north west. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. About 65.4 percent of the population live in the 20 main urban areas (population of 30,000 or more) and 44.2 percent live in the four largest cities of Auckland, Christchurch, Wellington, and Hamilton. [58] Among the regions, eleven are administered by regional authorities (top tier of local government), while five are unitary authorities that combine the functions of regional authorities and those of territorial authorities (second tier). Lowy Institute Interactive explores how almost 100 countries with publicly available and comparable data on the virus have managed the pandemic … The plate boundary forms the nearly 800 kilometres (500 mi) long Alpine Fault. [74] New Zealand's distance from world markets and spatial variation in rainfall, elevation and soil quality have defined the geography of its agriculture industry. New Zealand … The amount of farmland has decreased since 2002. In October, New Zealand opened its borders to travellers between neighbouring countries, but insisted on a two week … The Kermadecs and the Subantarctic Islands are inhabited only by a small number of Department of Conservation staff. Wild rabbits have been an agricultural since their introduction to the country in the 1930s. It is separated from the South Island by the Cook Strait, with the shortest distance being 23 kilometres (14 mi). New Zealand (known as Aotearoa in the Māori language) is an island country in Oceania. Other notable locations are on the West Coast (Punakaiki), the Hawkes Bay and Fiordland. New Zealand's terrain ranges from the fiord-like sounds of the southwest to the sandy beaches of the far north. Macrofinancial vulnerabilities have increased with a housing … Australia‘s annual rate of population increase (1.7 percent) is higher than the world average (1.2 percent) because of immigration. [16] Cape Reinga / Te Rerenga Wairua is the northwesternmost tip of the Aupouri Peninsula, at the northern end of the North Island. [51], Most settled, lowland areas of the country have between 600 and 1,600 mm of rainfall, with the most rain along the west coast of the South Island and the least on the east coast of the South Island and interior basins, predominantly on the Canterbury Plains and the Central Otago Basin (about 350 mm (14 in) PA). All about farming in New Zealand", "Measuring New Zealand's Progress Using a Sustainable Development Approach: 2008", "Hopes nationwide release of K5 rabbit virus will kill more than 40% of the population", "Why NZ is releasing a rabbit-killing virus", "Climate Change: Likely Impacts on New Zealand Agriculture", "Floods – New Zealand's number one hazard", "Christchurch Quake Map – Earthquakes since September 4 2010", "Christchurch earthquake kills 185: 22 February 2011", "Extinctions – New Zealand extinctions since human arrival", "The Polynesian settlement of New Zealand in relation to environmental and biotic changes", The state of New Zealand’s environment 1997, "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "This Dreamy Destination Continues to Inspire Fantasy Writers", "The country that keeps getting left off maps", "New Zealand keeps getting left off world maps – and Kiwis aren't happy", "Why Is New Zealand So Often Left Off World Maps? Out of nearly 100 countries, New Zealand has been ranked the best at responding to the Covid-19 outbreak. [21] Zealandia extends a significant distance east into the Pacific Ocean and south towards Antarctica. The Māori language (3.5 percent)[55] is spoken more commonly in areas with large Māori populations (Gisborne, Bay of Plenty and Northland). [18] The Antipodes Islands were named for their supposed antipodal position to Britain; although they are the closest land to the true antipodes of Britain, their location 49°41′S 178°48′E is directly antipodal to a point a few kilometres to the east of Cherbourg on the north coast of France.[19]. Until the late 20th century, New Zealand aligned itself strongly with the United Kingdom (as a former British colony) and had few bilateral relationships with other countries. Despite the long expansion, inflation remains weak, reflecting imported disinflation as well as strong net inward migration, which has boosted labor supply. The east of the South Island is marked by wide, braided rivers such as the Wairau, Waimakariri and Rangitātā; formed from glaciers, they fan out into many strands on gravel plains. [85] These have resulted in 185 deaths, widespread destruction of buildings and significant liquefaction. The ranges include Tararua and Kaimanawa. [88] Fire bans exist in some areas in summer. [108], New Zealand is often mistakenly omitted from world maps due to the country's geographic isolation and its positioning on the extreme bottom-right in many map projections.[109][110][111]. Dairy, specifically, is their top export. Ministry for the Environment. [25] Some volcanic places are also famous tourist destinations, such as the Rotorua geysers.[26]. South Island cities are warmest in January. Find detailed information on New Zealand. Christchurch is the driest city, receiving about 640 mm (25 in) of rain PA, while Hamilton is the wettest, receiving more than twice that amount at 1,325 mm (52.2 in) PA, followed closely by Auckland. [2] New Zealand consists of a large number of islands, estimated around 600. The island is divided along its length by the Southern Alps / Kā Tiritiri o te Moana. Trewick SA, Morgan-Richards M. 2014. The liquid lava flows out as it is insulated by the hardened crust above. [46] If estuarine open water, mangroves, and herbaceous saline vegetation are included, the figure is 2.2%. [94] Around 30 bird species are currently listed as endangered or critically endangered. This is partly due to the country's relatively little air pollution compared to many other countries and the high sunshine hours. [66] There are many sub dialects of Māori, the most pronounced division being between the northern and southern tribes. [86] These earthquakes are releasing distributed stress in the Pacific plate from the ongoing collision with the Indo-Australian plate to the west and north of the city. In Europe the term "Antipodes" is often used to refer to New Zealand and Australia (and sometimes other South Pacific areas),[20] and "Antipodeans" to their inhabitants. The table below lists climate normals for the warmest and coldest months in New Zealand's six largest cities. [18] The northern half of the South Island corresponds to Galicia and northern Portugal. Consulate of Ukraine in Auckland, New Zealand The EmbassyPage for Ukraine's consulate in Auckland has updated and verified contact details for the mission, including address, telephone number and email address. New Zealand's varied landscape has appeared in television shows, such as Xena: Warrior Princess. experiences around 14,000 earthquakes a year, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, "Natural environment – Geography and geology", "Natural environment – The bush and its plants", "Antipodes Map – Tunnel to the other side of the world", "New Zealand phylogeography: evolution on a small continent", "Sea floor geology – Active plate boundaries", Existing and Potential Geothermal Resource for Electricity Generation, "Rotorua Geothermal Sites – Geothermal Sites in Rotorua New Zealand", "Quaternary andesitic volcanism at the Solander Islands", "Southland region – Geology and landforms", "Things to see and do in Waitomo Caves, New Zealand", "Te Anau Glowworm Caves: Explore Te Anau's unique glowworm caves", "The lava caves hidden beneath suburban Auckland", "Limestone country - Other karst features", "NZ Outlying Islands Regional Information & Travel Information", "Population density – Country Comparison", "Election shows rural-urban divide shrinking, not growing", The Social Report 2016 – Te pūrongo oranga tangata, "Warning minority dialects could be lost", "What is the Southland accent? The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. This virus was introduced with the goal of exterminating 40 percent of the rabbit population. [100] Much of the remaining forest fell after European settlement, being logged or cleared to make room for pastoral farming, leaving forest occupying only 23 percent of the land. It consists of a large number of islands, estimated around 600, mainly remnants of a larger land mass now beneath the sea. The relative proximity of New Zealand north of Antarctica has made the South Island a gateway for scientific expeditions to the continent. [50] January and February are the warmest months, July the coldest. – The Insider's Guide to UC | Tūpono", "Working in Dairy Farming | Guide for Migrants | New Zealand Now", "Not just sheep! [75], New Zealand's isolated location has simultaneously lead to fewer pests and an agriculture industry with a greater susceptibility to introduced diseases and pests. The youngest (geologically speaking) volcanism in the South Island occurred in this region, forming the Solander Islands (<2 million years old). [48], Lake Taupo, located near the centre of the North Island, is the largest lake by surface area in the country. New Zealand is located in the South Pacific Ocean at 41°S 174°E / 41°S 174°E / -41; 174, near the centre of the water hemisphere. [68][69] This has also occurred with more recent immigration, with a wide variety of accents being common in larger cities where immigrant groups have preferentially settled. In June, New Zealand declared itself COVID-19 free, but the borders remain closed to foreigners. NEW ZEALAND DISTRIBUTES COVID-19 VACCINE FREE TO CITIZENS AND NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES 18/12/2020 Selin ATAY-TDO-In New Zealand, where no new cases have been announced for about 6 months, the government announced that the Covid-19 vaccine will be available free of charge to all citizens of the country and to neighboring island countries … The resulting orographic rainfall enables the hydroelectric generation of most of the country's electricity. [18][better source needed] Most of the North Island corresponds to central and southern Spain, from Valladolid (opposite the southern point of the North Island, Cape Palliser), through Madrid and Toledo to Cordoba (directly antipodal to Hamilton), Lorca (opposite East Cape), Málaga (Cape Colville), and Gibraltar. AUSTRALIA wildfires burning across New South Wales are affecting glaciers in New Zealand with ash, dust and soot, according to these satellite pictures taken by NASA. The climate is mostly temperate with mean temperatures ranging from 8 °C (46 °F) in the South Island to 16 °C (61 °F) in the North Island. [45], The proportion of New Zealand's area (excluding estuaries) covered by rivers, lakes and ponds, based on figures from the New Zealand Land Cover Database, is (357526 + 81936) / (26821559 – 92499–26033 – 19216) = 1.6%. [62], New Zealand's peoples have been defined by their immigrant origin, the ongoing process of adaptation to a new land, being changed and changing those who came before. New Zealand has a particular duty to those with which it has special constitutional ties, namely Niue, the Cook Islands and Tokalau. The subduction direction is reversed through the South Island, with the Indo-Australian Plate forced under the Pacific Plate. [39], New Zealand's cave systems have three main origins, the chemical weathering of limestone by water (karst), lava caves and erosion by waves (sea caves). The new virus works much faster than the last one, expected to kill rabbits within two to four days of exposure. About 58 percent of New Zealand's electricity was hydroelectric in 2002. The vast majority of New Zealand's population lives on the North and South Islands. See more at the New Zealand EmbassyPages . [61] The majority of the indigenous Māori people live in the North Island (87 percent), although a little under a quarter (24 percent) live in Auckland. The closest countries to New Zealand are: There are 3,820 lakes with a surface area larger than one hectare. When an eruption occurs the outer layer of the lava flow hardens, while the interior remain liquid. Australia reopened its travel bubble with New Zealand after the neighbouring country reported no new locally acquired COVID-19 cases. [37] Another long chain of mountains runs through the North Island, from Wellington to East Cape. Bluff is Invercargill's port, located near the southern tip of the South Island, below the 46th parallel south. As well as the towering peaks, the Southern Alps include huge glaciers such as Franz Josef and Fox. [58], The Chatham Islands is not a region, although its council operates as a region under the Resource Management Act. They cause significant damage to farm lands: eating the grass, crops, and causing soil degradation. This uplift forms the Southern Alps. The east side of the island has the Canterbury Plains while the West Coast is famous for its rough coastlines, high rainfall, very high proportion of native bush, and glaciers.[8]. Other countries in Oceania American Samoa Australia Cook Islands East Timor Fiji French Polynesia Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia Nauru New Caledonia New Zealand Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Pitcairn Samoa Solomon Islands Tokelau … 10 millimetres (0.39 in) per year). [97] Native flora and fauna continue to be hard-hit by invasive species. Volcanic activity is most common on the central North Island Volcanic Plateau. This submerged continent is dotted with topographic highs that sometimes form islands. New Zealand consists of a large number of islands, esti… Here language and religion are used as markers for the far richer concept of culture. A relatively small proportion of New Zealand's land is arable (1.76 percent), and permanent crops cover 0.27 percent of the land. New Zealand’s expansion lost momentum in 2017-18, as some key drivers started to weaken. Forest fires were rare in New Zealand before the arrival of humans. The increase of carbon dioxide in the air helps the plants to grow faster, but the long-term effects of climate change threaten farmers with the likelihood of more frequent and severe floods and droughts. [34] The second highest peak is Mount Tasman, with a height of 3,497 metres (11,473 ft). 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