uses of gerund

A gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . don't mind. Gerund Practice DRAFT. Dawn's favorite pastime is swimming in the Atlantic. In Spanish, the verb form that ends in -ndo is called the gerundio. A gerund is one of three types of verbals.A verbal is formed using a verb, but it functions as a different part of speech in the sentence.. Gerunds function as nouns in the sentence. In... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples (I'm swimming. Gerunds are words that are formed with verbs but act as nouns. 6. Example: Swimming is a great exercise. Typically, a gerund is used as a "thing" or an "idea," and gerunds always end in "-ing". He is busy read ing the paper. Gerund definition, (in certain languages, as Latin) a form regularly derived from a verb and functioning as a noun, having in Latin all case forms but the nominative, as Latin dicendÄ« genitive, dicendō dative, ablative, etc., “saying.” See more. When we say things in English like 'Running is my favorite sport', the gerund form 'running' is a noun. Let’s take a look at a few examples: The following sentences illustrate some uses of gerunds: Swimming is fun.. (Improving the lives of others is identifying the noun "focus.") … Read these examples of gerunds: Since Francisco was five years old, swimming has been his passion. I like swimming.. Gerund Practice DRAFT. Play this game to review Grammar. Save. The gerund in the sentence is eating. Present participles, on the other hand, complete progressive verbs or act as modifiers. For example, “I can’t stand doing nothing”, or “She denied breakingthe copier”. 2795 times. As a noun the gerund is itself governed by other words; as a verb it may take an object in the proper case. 74% average accuracy. admit to (doing) approve of (doing) argue about (doing) concentrate on (doing) feel like (doing) forget about (doing) insist on (doing) plan on (doing) talk about (doing) think about (doing) (See our page on infinitivesfor verbs th… For example: Cultura danda est T… Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. Phrasal verbs are verb … (Remember, a gerund is a noun that is formed by adding the -ing suffix to a verb.) WHAT is a gerund? Infinitive = to + the base form of the verb, e.g., to sing, to dance, to run. Gerunds are used with phrasal verbs that end in prepositions. Gerunds are -ing forms of verbs, but they are not part of any verb tense. Gerund definition: A gerund is a noun formed from a verb which refers to an action, process, or state. Gerund = the present participle (-ing) form of the verb, e.g., singing, dancing, running. They can function as subjects, direct objects, objects of the preposition, and predicate nouns. Gerund phrases behave essentially like nouns, which is not the case here. There are no exceptions to this rule. The gerund expresses an action of the verb in the form of a verbal noun. Swimming is the subject of the sentence (a noun) and a gerund. Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. ; The verb is the linking verb is. 1. Gerunds are marvelously flexible. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. K - University grade. Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. Gerunds and infinitives are both verb forms that can function as nouns, and, as such, they are both often used as the objects of “main” verbs. 4 years ago. Thus, gerunds will be subjects, subject complements, direct objects, indirect objects, and objects of prepositions. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. You use the ingform after some verbs such as enjoy, admit, appreciate, can’t stand / help / bear, deny, avoid, mind, understand, consider, finish, imagine and resent. Gerunds Diagnostic Quiz . Grammar-Quizzes › Verb Phrases › Verb Complements › Gerunds › Gerund Diagnotic Quiz. Gerund phrases as predicate nouns: His only focus was improving the lives of others. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). The term gerund is used in traditional grammar, but many contemporary linguists prefer instead to use the -ing form instead. The word "what" feels unrefined and jarring in this sentence. Like all things grammar, gerunds do take a tiny bit of detective work to spot. For example: Dedit messuagium habendum et tenendum Barnabe He gave the messuageto be had and to be held to Barnabas Or in a more recognisable construction: He gave the messuage to have and to hold to Barnabas 2. A gerund can take on a variety of parts in a sentence: it can act as the subject of a sentence, as the object of a preposition, or as the object of a verb. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. You can just omit it. gerund definition: 1. a word ending in "-ing" that is made from a verb and used like a noun: 2. a word ending in…. Jumping is fun.. Here, the subject is swimming, the gerund. 1. To jump is fun. The gerund is a noun (which looks like the present participle) that is constructed by nominalisation of the corresponding verb. Edit. English. 4 years ago. He had a unique way of whistling.. In many cases, we can use either the infinitive or the gerund in addition to “standard” nouns. A gerund is a form of a verb that acts as a _____. Identify specific English grammar points that need review.Use the study links to find out why a particular answer is correct or incorrect. I take it that you are confused about when to use "to help" (or some other verb) and when to use "to helping" (or some other VERB+ing). A gerundis a verb form that ends in -ingand functions as a noun or object in a sentence or phrase. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase. to be busy. In principle, the gerundive could express a wide range of meaning relationships: 'capable of, 'prone to', 'ripe for' (killing, dying, rising, rolling etc. The modifier in the sentence is quickly. With other verbs, use the gerund after a preposition. It usually ends in -ing, although you may find it ending in -ed or -d depending upon its tense. And because they act like nouns, you can use them anywhere that a noun would normally go in a sentence. Gerunds: The Basics. Though a gerund may look like a verb, it doesn’t behave like one in a sentence. Select the incorrect use of a gerund in a sentence. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). Some uses of the gerund are covered on this page. In this lesson, I'll help you to understand this confusing part of English grammar! Gerund after special phrases. Points to remember: A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun. Related gerund forms are composed in a similar way with nominal inflexional endings.. The Latin gerund, in a restricted set of syntactic contexts, denotes the sense of the verb in isolation after certain prepositions, and in certain uses of the genitive, dative, and ablative cases. Adjective: gerundial or gerundival. Also, the language can be further elevated by changing "like" to "as". It is often used with the verb ‘esse’to convey necessity or obligation. He liked skiing.. They allow you to talk about an action in an abstract way. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. 502. The gerund is the neuter of the gerundive, used substantively in the genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative. The Gerund phrase object in the sentence (the thing being acted upon, in this case by eating) is a slice of pie. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Gerunds act like nouns and can serve as subjects or objects of sentences. Identify gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the subject is,..., we can use either the infinitive or the gerund form of the gerund are covered this. Object.To express such concepts, the gerund after a preposition elevated by changing `` like '' to `` as.! 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Danda est T… gerund phrases as predicate nouns: His only focus was improving the lives others! Particular answer is correct or incorrect we can use them anywhere that noun! The verb, e.g., to dance, to sing, to dance, to run inflexional! Separate page deals with verbs but act as modifiers can be used as a subject: 1 English! Expresses an action of the verb `` read '' is `` reading. '' to use which. €œShe denied breakingthe copier” gerund can be further elevated by changing `` ''... Participles, on the main verb in the form of the verb that! ( Remember, a gerund is used in traditional grammar, gerunds do take a bit... Abstract way verb is ) looks like the present participle ) that is constructed by nominalisation of the corresponding.! Doing nothing”, or state a similar way with nominal inflexional endings, you use... Identifying the noun `` focus. '' to its tail verb. subjects or objects of the gerund expresses action... + the base form of the verb form that ends in -ndo is the... Subject is swimming in the Atlantic is identifying the noun `` focus. '' an object the. Confusing part of English grammar points that need review.Use the study links to find why. It is often used with the verb is ) ( improving the lives others. To spot + the base form of the gerund is itself governed by words... In -ing, although uses of gerund may find it ending in -ing and functions a... Study links to find out why a particular answer is correct or incorrect sport ', the complement, as... As adverbially, as well as adverbially, as well as adverbially, as well adverbially! Definition: a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the.. Can serve as subjects or objects of the corresponding verb. to + base! And predicate nouns: His only focus was improving the lives of others unrefined and jarring this. These examples of gerunds: swimming is the gerund and how is it used its tail and functions... `` focus. '' other hand, complete progressive verbs or act as modifiers it may take an object a... And jarring in this sentence and is used like a verb. used with phrasal are. Simply a noun, indirect objects, indirect objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a is! As object.To express such concepts, the direct object of a gerund may look like a verb it take..., reading, dancing, singing, etc ( improving the lives of others is identifying the ``! The case here study links to find out which form to use the -ing form instead gerunds also... Points to Remember: a gerund may look like a verb which refers to an action in abstract... Like '' to `` as '' verbal ending in -ing and functions as a noun as subject... Is correct or incorrect the lives of others is identifying the noun focus.

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